The First Electric Vehicle in the World
Although the present world is now focused in using electric vehicles it has a long history of its development. It is believed that the first electric vehicle(Crude electric Carriage) was developed in 1835 by a British inventor Robert Anderson. He used non-rechargeable primary cells to power the vehicle. Anderson was not the only one who was involved in making electric vehicle a lot of other. These prototypes had cart like appearance. The speed was limited to 12km/hr which is quite lower in comparison to the modern EVs.
Robert Anderson, a Scottish inventor, who is known for his invention of first electric vehicle around 1832. He is one of the most important person in the history of electric vehicles.
Not only Anderson a lot of people at that time was giving their full effort to invent electric vehicle. During the period of Anderson , Dutch professor Sibrandus Stratingh and Hungarian scientist Ányos Jedlik also invented electric vehicles. An American blacksmith Thomas Davenport invented parts of electric motor which later was used to manufacture electric vehicle.
However these were just the sample(model) of electric vehicles. In 1860 Gaston Plante a French physicists invented lead – battery which was rechargeable containing lead-acid battery.
Even though the history of electric vehicle is so long. It was invented long ago but it could not came into use as effectively it should be. None of the people used electric vehicles. It is because of the petrol and diesel engines developed at that time. Slowly and gradually many changes were made in the efficiency and carrying capacity of the engines of the electric vehicles.
One of the major reasons for the failure of electric vehicles was it battery. The battery was not much efficient and could not last for much time. The batteries provided a shorter range.
Why Electric Vehicles Disappeared ?
Even though electric vehicles were invented so earlier its use went decreasing day by day. People felt more comfortable to ride on the fuel combustion vehicles rather than EVs. Some of the reason behind this are:
- Low speed of Electric vehicles (About 12kh/hr)
- Lower Range
- Inadequate charging station
- Lower efficiency
- Lower battery backup
- Cannot carry heavy loads
- Diesel and Petrol engines in the market
Rise of Internal Combustion Engines
Due to the drawbacks in electric vehicles the internal combustion started to grow. The people at that time felt more relevant and safe to use such vehicles. Diesel and petrol engines has occupied the entire market globally. The benefits of such vehicles over electric vehicles are:
- Faster speed
- More efficient
- More reliable
- Greater range
- Safer at that time
These are some reasons combustion engines why combustion engines grew so much. But with the increasing number of population the number of vehicles user are also increasing. And such vehicles run by fossil fuels so the fuel in the earth is getting finished. Fossil fuel is non-renewable sources of energy and it is limited in the earth.
Disadvantages of Combustion Engines
- Releases Carbon in the environment
- Limited Fuel
- Supports Global Warming
- Inhibits Energy Crisis
Return of Electric Vehicles
The present world has a huge demand of electric vehicles. Due to the negative impacts of fossil fuel engines people are now interested in manufacturing electric vehicles. The future is now of electric vehicles. Different automobile companies like Tesla, BYD, Porche, Ford, Volvo, BMW, etc. are producing electric vehicles in large quantity. Volvo has announced that it will go fully electric by 2030 and so announced Rolls Royce.
Benefits of Electric Vehicles
- Environment Friendly
- Reduces fuel shortage
- Reduces Carbon emission
- Cheaper since it do not uses fuel
- Controls Sound Pollution
- Lower maintenance cost